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Mid Coast Hospital
Adult Speech & Language Therapy

Adult Speech & Language TherapyCauses of Speech & Language Disorders

  • ALS or Lou Gehrig’s Disease
  • Brain tumors
  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Vocal cord abuse/paralysis

Common Types of Speech & Language Disorders

Aphasia–difficulty with speaking, understanding, reading, writing, and using numbers (see side bar).

Cognitive Deficits–problems with memory, reasoning, problem-solving, and attention.

Dysarthria–weakness in the muscles that enable one to speak.

Oral Apraxia–difficulty planning/coordinating muscle movement of the face and tongue.

Voice disorders–changes in pitch, loudness, and vocal quality.

Treatment

Your speech language pathologist, in collaboration with other members of your health care team, will work with you to identify your goals and priorities and develop a comprehensive plan of care. Your plan may include:

  • Alternative communication device recommendations
  • Auditory comprehension therapy
  • Community Resources
  • Cueing techniques
  • Gesturing
  • Language sequencing
  • Melodic intonation therapy
  • Oral-motor exercises
  • Patient/Family/Caregiver education
  • Reading comprehension therapy
  • Word drills

For more information about us please call 373-6175.

 

Family members of an individual with aphasia are encouraged to:

  1. Simplify language by using short, uncomplicated sentences.
  2. Repeat the content words or write down key words to clarify meaning as needed.
  3. Maintain a natural conversational manner appropriate for an adult.
  4. Minimize distractions, such as a blaring radio, whenever possible.
  5. Include the person with aphasia in conversations.
  6. Ask for and value the opinion of the person with aphasia, especially regarding family matters.
  7. Encourage any type of communication, whether it is speech, gesture, pointing, or drawing.
  8. Avoid correcting the individual's speech.
  9. Allow the individual plenty of time to talk.
  10. Help the individual become involved outside the home. Seek out support groups such as stroke clubs.

Community Resource for stroke survivors
Mid Coast Hospital sponsors a unique program called Communicate After Stroke. The program affords stroke survivors with communication disorders an opportunity to practice their communication strategies after discharge from speech therapy.

Scheduled the first and third Tuesdays of every month from 1:00-2:00 p.m., the program is facilitated by a speech pathologist. The program is listed with the National Aphasia Association. Please call 373-6175 for more information.